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What do tyre load rating and tyre speed rating mean? Do they have to be respected when replacing tyres? Find the answers to your questions in this article.
The sidewall of your tyre has various alphanumeric markings that allow you to understand a number of things about it. (Learn how to read tyre markings)
Part of this coding is the tyre load rating and the tyre speed rating, which are indicated by a number and a letter respectively.
There may be tyre ratings written in your car owners manual or on the sticker in the driver's door. This information describes the tyres recommended by your vehicle manufacturer.
What do these tyre ratings mean? Do you have to comply with them when you replace your tyres? We will discuss this in this article.
The tyre load rating is a numerical code which corresponds to a maximum load (in kg) that can be carried by a single tyre. The load rating and corresponding maximum tyre loads are listed in a standard table.
To identify the maximum load your tyre can carry, or the load index recommended by your vehicle manufacturer, simply do the following:
On the sidewall of your tyre, you will find a string of numbers and letters that look like this:
You may also find them on the sticker on your driver's door or your vehicle owner’s manual.
These numbers and letters vary between tyres. They indicate the tyre dimensions, load and speed ratings.
Let's see what this coding means:
Tyre load rating
Tyre speed rating
Note that tyres of the same dimension can have different tyre load and speed ratings. This is why it is important to understand the dimension, tyre speed and tyre load rating before replacing tyres.
In this example, the tyre load rating is 91.
Once you have noted the tyre load rating, you can find the maximum single tyre load that it refers to by consulting this table:
In our example, we see that the tyre load rating of 91 corresponds to a maximum tyre load of 615 kg.
Some tyres are also marked XL. This stands for "Extra Load".
It simply means that the tyre has been reinforced to be able to carry heavier loads than standard tyres of the same dimension. This type of tyre is generally used on heavier vehicles, for example SUVs .
As mentioned above, tyres of the same size can have different load ratings. When replacing worn tyres, it is recommended that tyres with the original manufacturer’s load rating (and speed rating), as well as the original dimensions, should be fitted.
Anyway “who can do more can do less” and it is of course possible to fit your car with tyres that have a higher load rating than the manufacturer’s specification. However, you will not necessarily be able to carry more load than the original manufacturer’s specification because there is a limit on the maximum permissible axle load for your vehicle, independent of the tyre load capacity.
What about the size? Is it possible to change it?
You can find the answer to this question in our article on changing the size of a tyre.
The tyre speed rating indicates the maximum speed at which a tyre can carry its maximum load.
On the sidewall of your tyre (or the sticker in the driver's door, or the owner’s manual), the speed rating is defined by a letter right next to the load rating
Here, the tyre speed rating is V.
To find out what speed this index corresponds to, simply refer to the tyre speed rating chart below: